Sunday, August 23, 2020
3 Steps to Acing Your Upcoming Group Interview YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve been approached in for a board meet. Perhaps youÃ¢â¬â¢re threatened. Perhaps frightened. Possibly youÃ¢â¬â¢re not even sure you comprehend what that really involves. Whatever your degree of fear, here are three simple strides to traversing your board meet tranquilly and in one piece. Stage 1: BEFOREYou reserve the privilege to ask who will be on your board. Do this. At that point inquire about each board part as well as could be expected. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll have the option to make sense of a considerable amount and get ready better for what each may be generally quick to ask you. What does this specific gathering of individuals educate you regarding what the organization is attempting to assess?You can likewise ask to what extent (generally) the meeting should last. This will give you a nice sentiment for what amount to and fro conversation will be conceivable, how much space youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be given to pose inquiries, to what extent your answers can be, etc.Step 2: DURING Treat every individual on the board like an individual not simply one more anonymous face. This isn't an indifferent divider asking you inquiries. Every questioner on your board is another chance to make a human association and persuade that a lot more individuals in the organization what an extraordinary fit you would be.Be sure to observe everybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s name as they are presented. Record every one if that causes you recall. When responding to questions, talk straightforwardly to the person who asked, yet then attempt to widen your answer out to cause the remainder of the board to feel remembered for the discussion.Step 3: AFTERYouÃ¢â¬â¢ve took in their names and put forth an attempt to interface with each board part presently thank every single one of them earnestly withÃ¢ solid eye to eye connection and a quality handshake. From that point forward, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the typical post-meet follow-up methodology. Be that as it may, recall that you have to keep in touch with one card to say thanks for each board part. It appears to be a torment, however itÃ¢â¬â¢s these little contacts that will help set you apart.The board talk with: 6 hints for previously, during, and after
Friday, August 21, 2020
Last, most important test - Essay Example In view of these hypotheses, situational control and applying ecological elements to propel the human asset while considering pioneer practices, representative attributes and authority adequacy are fundamental segments of administration achievement. I in this manner found that utilizing both the thoughts of Fiedler and House contingent upon the circumstance would work. All things considered, the primary concern of these two speculations of authority is tied in with understanding the overarching circumstance and the likely activities essential for the pioneers to take. By and by, I generally would make it a significant point to be additional touchy to the genuine circumstances later on preceding rousing the human asset. All things considered, authority is about impact (Kreitner and Kinicki, 2010), so as a pioneer I have to comprehend the common circumstances so as to make compelling moves. So some portion of this move is to consistently ensure pioneers should consider their genuine practices, comprehend the shifting qualities of their representatives, and assess the viability of their utilized initiative. 2. Would managers be able to be prepared to be powerful pioneers? a.) Choose an initiative hypothesis to help your answer. b.) Assuming you accept they can be prepared, what might you remember for your preparation program? (I have included a PowerPoint Leadership that you may discover supportive. Glance in Course Documents.). By and by, I accept administrators can be prepared to be powerful pioneers as they generally have a superior opportunity to gain from the real circumstances. What I am attempting to bring up is the thought dependent on situational initiative that goes past attributes and styles (Kreitner and Kinicki, 2010). In situational administration, pioneers will consistently get an opportunity to assess winning circumstances making them increasingly compelling in their real dynamic, before building a solid
Friday, July 10, 2020
History Essays For SaleHistory essays for sale are a special type of paper that have been offered to students who are looking for some form of structure to their higher education. You can be the only one of your friends with this project and there will still be ones without the time or the inclination to create one for themselves. But there is a way for anyone to create the paper and then to pass it along to the student in the class.Papers for sale are quite interesting and there are many people who are willing to sell them because they see value in them. In the world today, information has become valuable and as long as people will be able to learn from the past, they will be able to do so. Some historians would even be willing to sell their papers for profit because it helps them get some funds that can help them in the future.There are also those who are ready to buy history essays for sale because of the online course that they would be able to take with that knowledge. These peo ple need to know all the information that they can from the past and this makes them want to gain a lot of knowledge and then pass it on to the students. History essays for sale are a good tool for this.The history that people learn about can be found in various places like the written word, or they can find it online. This is the reason why people are not willing to learn these history facts and knowledge by reading a book. Since the history books are expensive, most people prefer to buy history essays for sale because it will save them money.Essays for sale are actually a kind of preparation for a major degree. It helps people learn in a proper way by which they will be able to solve any question that might come up during the classes. As a result, they will be able to give the best answers to any question that comes up. There are other reasons why people need to know more about the history.Most people have been wrong in the past and those who have wronged people in the past had to pay for the consequences. History essays for sale helps them learn what happened in the past and why it happened in the past. They can use this information in the future to make the lives of people better and they will become good citizens in the future.There are two types of essays for sale: one where the person is selling the essay and the other where the person is giving the essay for free. It does not matter if the person is selling or giving the essay for free because this paper is what the students need. The first type is also referred to as buy now for the purpose of selling it later but this is also done for educational purposes.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
The French word mairie, pronounced may-ee, means town/city hall, but it can also be used to refer to aÃ city council, mayors office, or the city as a political entity. If youre in France, you might use this word to ask for directions in town or to refer to the actions of a local government when youre talking politics with friends. Examples Cest Ã cÃ ´tÃ © de la mairie. Its next to the town hall .La mairie a dÃ ©cidÃ © de fermer le thÃ ©Ã ¢tre. The city council decided to close the theater.Jaime bien la publicitÃ © de la Mairie de Toulouse. I really like the City of Toulouses ad.Ã You will also seeÃ mairieÃ used in conjunction with other related words. For example:Ã La mairie darrondissementÃ town hall of an arrondissement Le secretaire de mairieÃ town clerk
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In Letters from a Bipolar Mother Alyssa Reyans states, Ã¢â¬Å"bipolar robs you of that which is you. It can take from you the very core of your being and replace it with something that is completely opposite of who and what you truly are.Ã¢â¬ Individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder are often misdiagnosed because bipolar is such a complex disorder that contains symptoms of other mental illnesses. Bipolar disorder is a debilitating mental illness that consists of multiple different forms, each with their own symptoms and severity. Bipolar I and bipolar II are the two main forms of the disorder and often the most studied. Research has been conducted in both the fields of psychology and neuroscience but questions over the main cause of onset of the disorder still arise. Researchers have concluded through the most current research that the most influential factors in the development of bipolar disorder are psychological trauma and neurobiological abnormalities. I argue that researc hing psychological trauma is the best way to understand and treat the disorder; however inconsistencies and lack of research in both psychology and neuroscience has led researchers to misinterpret data thus creating false conclusions. Bipolar disorder is considered to be on a spectrum that ranges in symptoms and severity and is directly related to psychological trauma and genetic composition. Bipolar I is categorized as the most extreme form of the disorder that cycles between manic and depressive episodes.Show MoreRelatedThe Issue Of Child Onset Schizophrenia Essay1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2014) It is also important to properly diagnosis schizophrenia in children, as there are similarities in symptoms for other DSM-5 diagnosis such as autism spectrum, oppositional defiant disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, and bipolar, among others (McDonell McClellan, 2007). Biological, Psychological, and Social Aspects of the Issue When diagnosing child onset schizophrenia, it is important to consider all aspects of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s personal history as there is a high rate of misdiagnosisRead MoreEffects Of Maltreatment On Childhood Brain Development2058 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesdevelopment for different areas of the brain. A few areas that are of interest are the stress-influenced areas, which are at an increased risk for developmental problems when exposed to maltreatment. The extra stress from such exposures can influence abnormalities throughout the brain, which have been linked to structure changes with in the corpus callosum, anterior cingulate, dorsolateral prefrontal, orbitofrontal cortex, and hippocampus, amygdala, and cerebellum, as well as changes to stress related hormoneRead MorePsychological Effects Of Complex Traum Making A Case For Narrative Exposure Therapy2697 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesRachael Wandrey COURSE ASSIGNMENT DATE Treating the Psychological Effects of Complex Trauma: Making a Case for Narrative Exposure Therapy Defining Complex Trauma Complex trauma is a term that was established to differentiate traumas that occur repeatedly from traumas that happen in only one instance (herein referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"simple traumaÃ¢â¬ ; Coutois, 2008). For instance, complex trauma is typically referred to in the context of abusive childhoods wherein the child experiences repeated traumatic eventsRead MoreToward an Understanding of Major Depressive Disorder1855 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMajor Depressive Disorder is a chronic, persistent mental illness. EPIDEMIOLOGY Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or unipolar depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders seen in primary care but only half of all MDD sufferers seek medical help (Johnson Vanderhoef 109; Myers DeWall 520). NEED A TIE IN SENTENCE Incidence Prevalence. It is estimated that 5% of the United States (US) population (or approximately 10,000,000 Americans) are impacted by MDD making it the leading cause of disabilityRead MoreDescription Of An Example Of A Presentation8050 Words Ã |Ã 33 Pagesof an assistive technology device. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Ã¢â¬â a severe difficulty in focusing and maintaining attention; often leads to learning and behavior problems at home, school, and work; also called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Autism (Autism Society of America Home Page) Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. The result of neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain, autism andRead MoreAbnormal Psychology. Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior20707 Words Ã |Ã 83 PagesCHAPTER Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior CHAPTER OUTLINE HOW ARE ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR PATTERNS METHODS OF ASSESSMENT 80Ã¢â¬â99 CLASSIFIED? 70Ã¢â¬â77 The Clinical Interview The DSM and Models of Abnormal Behavior Computerized Interviews Psychological Tests STANDARDS OF ASSESSMENT 77Ã¢â¬â80 Neuropsychological Assessment Reliability Behavioral Assessment Validity Cognitive Assessment Physiological Measurement SOCIOCULTURAL AND ETHNIC FACTORS IN ASSESSMENT 99Ã¢â¬â100 SUMMING UP 100Ã¢â¬â101 T R U T H or
Question: Produce a report for HFL analysing the Issues facing the Industry and an evaluation of the Competitive pressures facing the Company. Answer: Introduction In the recent years, due to financial hit, many companies had collapsed and overtaken by bigger companies due to which employees have to face issues affected by changes. When a company fails to undertake the responsibility for change, it causes resistance to change among employees. According to Lawrence, resistance to change is the act which is made by a group or any individual when any observance is made regarding any change in the organisation or a workplace which may result as a threat to them.(Lawrence, 1969) Although changes are necessary in any company, sometimes it is not accepted and resisted by the employees as a result it makes them leave the company. In organisational theory many scholars had suggested that the concept of resistance should be reconsidered and taken as a key element in understanding the employees reactions towards changes made in an organisation for further amendments. The symptom of resistance is visible and clear which are shown among the behaviour of the employees like denial in work, shock, irritation, and resentment. But sometimes the resistance proves to be intense enough resulting in employees resignations also.(Bringselius, 2010) Reasons For Resistance To Change In Cidesign This report throws light on one such company named CIDesign that was under taken by Germany based company DDesign which caused resistance among employees due to change in ownership. The following figure shows some factors which brings resistance to change in organisations. Figure: Reasons for resisting change(Anon., 2012) In order to identify the reason behind employees resistance to change, it is important to study the root cause and requires a process considering job, personal, and social factors.(Rick, 2011) The employees of CIDesign lacked information about the cause of change in management and thus had to face rapid changes in the process of management. This made them threatened as they were not sure of their position in the company and feared of job loss. Since DDesign is a bigger company which owned 10% of UK creative design business and was more focussed on profit making, it adapted many cost saving measures which was resisted by present employees. Also, the comparison of their work with other sub levelled company based in India and China made their personal morale down. The change in style and culture of the company by making it a new entity i.e. DDesign, and the shifting of its headquarters to a newer place, generated discontent among employees as they were proud of the present entrepreneuri al culture and supple work engagements. Thus they had strong reasons for their resistance which led some of them resign their job. Change Management Process Undertaken At Cidesign Since CIDesign was prone to loss making, certain changes were important to be made and the same was done after its acquisition. The change management process undertaken by DDesign over the last year was due to ineffective management in the organisation of CIDesign which resulted in the companys financial hit. Although change is inherently disturbing for the present environment, still it was essential in CIDesign so as to outcome the reasons behind financial crisis. According to Kotter and Cohen, a successful change will always have a proper solution to a problem and engage people and management for a better outcome. It clearly shows that DDesign followed a change process which involved steps like setting of goal, internal and external analysis, strategy formulation and its implementation. Since the company had issues regarding finance, DDesigns vision was to make it a profitable organization and rebranding works of CIdesign under its name.(John P. Kotter, 2002) Proper analysis is the most important part in a change process as it deals with the collection of data and information which gives shape to the next two steps.(Thomas G. Cummings, 2008) Under this step, DDesign collected important information and identified initiatives that were required to help the business grow. For this internal and external analysis were made that could affect the process in meeting the desired goal. In CIDesign, it is stated that the company had a reputation for its quality work and flexible management. But that was not sufficient in monetary terms and hence required to be altered. After analyzing the process, the company introduced various cost effective methods both internally and externally. In order to reduce the cost, the company outsourced design work to India and China and thus was able to expand its business. The change in the employees income was not done adequately which again reduced the cost. The same was resisted by the employees which resulted in loss of its major crea tive designers which proved to be a threat in the company and made it important to conduct internal analysis. While implementation, DDesign showed its interest in moving its headquarters to Berlin in order to operate both the companies jointly and under the same brand. Since DDesign is efficient in its management processes, it undertook the change management process in CIDesign to make it profitable.(Cummings, 2008) Kurt Lewin Three Stage Model, 1940 Kurt Lewins three stage model demonstrates how to change an organisation from one position to another by creating persuasive ways for a change. The steps involved comprise of unfreezing the problem, and then it requires to be implemented with suitable changes and at last stabilize the manoeuvre with better proposed performance and freeze the same. In DDesign, Kurt Lewin three step change theory can provide an effective summary that will help to envisage, plan and administer the organisational strategy which can prevent further loss of employees.(Kritsonis, 2005) Figure: Kurt Lewin Three Step Mode(Schottle, 2016) During the unfreezing stage the company needs to give time and provide discussions with the employees to eliminate their worries by applying restraining force. In this stage the staff resistance cause like threat of job, comparing their work with sub standards, unsure about their new owner, and other factor like little change in their income etc needs to be considered. After consideration, driving force has to be applied in which the management can provide the employees with satisfactory raise in income, support from superior level management, and job assurance. This method will not only engage all the employees to work together towards positive driving direction but also diminish the restraining force. For applying the same model, DDesign needs to make arrangements for a cross table meetings with the existing employees so as to understand their personal views and problems. The second stage in the change model deals with the actual change that includes both planning and implementation in the organisation. In this stage the employees are educated about their changed organisational culture and leadership. Along with making them comfortable with new ideas and guidelines, it is monitored and overseen by a team leader who will provide the employees with essential information. This model requires time and patience as it focuses on the personnel transition issues regarding change of work environment. Since the takeover of the company had left the employees resistant to work DDesign have to anticipate and handle the situation critically. The employees need time to recognize the benefits of change along with proper bonding with the changed management.(Morrison, 2014) In the final stage of Lewins theory i.e. the refreezing stage occurs when the changed practice is deemed completed and fulfilled. Like in DDesign, once the two stages are performed successfully and the employees have become comfortable with the new environment and new policies, an evaluation has to made regarding problems encountered, success recognized, and challenges met throughout the process for future reference. Thus with the help of Lewins theory we can eliminate the resistance of employees and the fear of change management through proper planning and active participation of employees in the change process.(Levasseur, 2001) Recomendation The strategy required in acquisition demands critical steps after understanding the purpose for change without hampering present assets. Proper communication is required with the employees to set a specific goal and discuss reasons for change. After inquiries have been made it needs to be implemented in such a way that does not harm the sentiments of employees.(John Jones, 2004) Since DDesign outsourced some of the design from cheaper quality sources, it made the employees a feel of dishonour and resulted in resentment among them. Management can go slow on the outsourcing policy at least for the design part to help the existing employees gain a sense of belonging in the newly merged entity. Also, to help eliminate the apprehension of the existing staff about their future, DDesign can make sure the remaining staffs connect with the rest of the organization, by arranging for cross visits between the other work places, and creating a positive rapport with their peers. While shifting of its hub, which again was a calculated decision, DDesign can make presentations and cite examples of other companies to justify the reason .They can also enrol some of the existing employees to its Berlin branch, so that they can retain top talent and ensure that the people at former CIDesign have a connection with the organization as a whole.(Morgan, 2015) The intent of rebranding of the CIDesign product has been a key issue with the old employees who left the organization. The Management has to tread cautiously on this front because for a brand to succeed, its core team must be on board with the management on its decision. They have to convince the remaining employees that their original brand will receive a fresh makeover under DDesign. One of the advantages Ddesign can bring in is from its IT division at Berlin, which can work better by coming up with analytical data about UKs Creative design business, thereby providing a boost to its Cidesign division. Since the employees can ge t more focussed on a particular trend/ demand currently in their region, Cidesigns product may reach new heights of acceptability. Thus with a planned change management process the strength of the organization can receive a long lasting achievement without any further loss of its employees.(Mehmedovic, 2016 References: Anon., 2012. Kalpan Financial Knowledge Bank. [Online] Available at: https://kfknowledgebank.kaplan.co.uk/KFKB/Wiki%20Pages/Managing%20strategic%20change.aspx [Accessed 7 August 2017]. Bringselius, L.D., 2010. Resistance to change. [Online] Available at: https://www.lri.lu.se/media/lri/workingpapers/2010-1-resistance-to-change-louise-d.-bringselius.pdf [Accessed 21 July 2017]. Cummings, J., 2008. How to Lead Change Management. [Online] Available at: https://businessfinancemag.com/hr/how-lead-change-management [Accessed 21 July 2017]. John Jones, D.A.C., 2004. 10 Principles of Change Management. [Online] Available at: https://www.strategy-business.com/article/rr00006?gko=643d0 [Accessed 22 July 2017]. John P. Kotter, D.S.C., 2002. The Heart of Change: Real-life Stories of how People Change Their Organizations. [Online] Available at: https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=enlr=id=xxjuXbzQKv0Coi=fndpg=PR11dq=kotter+and+cohen%27s+model+of+changeots=VEhGC9mRyKsi [Accessed 21 July 2017]. Kritsonis, A., 2005. Comparison of Change Theories. [Online] Available at: https://qiroadmap.org/download/Phase%201%20Resources/Kritsonis,%20Alicia%20Comparison%20of%20Change%20Theories.pdf [Accessed 22 July 2017]. Lawrence, P.R., 1969. How to Deal With Resistance to Change. [Online] Available at: https://hbr.org/1969/01/how-to-deal-with-resistance-to-change [Accessed 21 July 2017]. Levasseur, R.E., 2001. People Skills: Change Management Tools. [Online] Available at: https://mindfirepress.com/uploads/Lewin_s_change_model_INTERFACES_2001.pdf [Accessed 22 July 2017]. Mehmedovic, M.G.a.J., 2016. 5 Strategies for Leading Change. [Online] Available at: https://www.academicimpressions.com/news/5-strategies-leading-change [Accessed 22 July 2017]. Morgan, E., 2015. 5 Tips for Effectively Managing Change. [Online] Available at: https://www.inc.com/eric-morgan/5-tips-for-effectively-managing-change.html [Accessed 22 July 2017]. Morrison, M., 2014. Kurt Lewin change theory three step model unfreeze, change, freeze. [Online] Available at: https://rapidbi.com/kurt-lewin-three-step-change-theory/ [Accessed 22 July 2017]. Rick, T., 2011. TOP 12 REASONS WHY PEOPLE RESIST CHANGE. [Online] Available at: https://www.torbenrick.eu/blog/change-management/12-reasons-why-people-resist-change/ [Accessed 21 July 2017]. Schottle, A., 2016. Using Lewins Change Model to Understand Continuous Improvement. [Online] Available at: https://leanconstructionblog.com/Using-Lewin-Change-Model-To-Understand-Continuous-Improvement.html [Accessed 7 August 2017]. Thomas G. Cummings, C.G.W., 2008. Organization Development Change,9th edition. [Online] (9) Available at: https://otgo.tehran.ir/Portals/0/pdf/organization%20development%20and%20change.pdf [Accessed 21 July 2017].
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Introduction There are several essential literary styles employed by both playwrights and filmmakers while presenting their literary works to their targeted audience. They use such styles like symbolism, motifs and irony, to mention but a few, in a manner that leaves the audience entertained.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Tartuffe Vs Candide specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the same time, they address certain social and moral concerns. Jean-Baptiste Moliere and FranÃ §ois Mariane Aurouet De Voltaire provide an exemplification of authors who have successfully used such techniques in their plays, most of which are characterized by dark comedies that unmask the society in an attempt to shed light on the significance of differentiating the real from the constructed appearance. As the paper unfolds, social masking is a technique that is dominant in both Candide and Tartuffe. As used by the Moliere and Voltaire, social masking serves as a mechanism for depicting how people conceal their true selves for the sake of their individualized gains, both materially and socially. Overview of Tartuffe Authored by Moliere, Tartuffe presents the cultural, political and the social atmosphere that existed during the reign of King Louis XIV of France in the seventieth century. Despite immense popularity before the eyes of his audiences, MoliereÃ¢â¬â¢s scholarly works including Tartuffe faced heavy criticisms from religious groups and civic leaders, perhaps due to the themes contained in his works that presented religious leaders as diverting from their anticipated roles in the society. However, in spite of the enormous condemnations amid censorship of his works, particularly Tartuffe, it gained intensive international reputation with performances being staged in Germany, Holland, and England. Religious hypocrisy was evident during and prior to the time of writing of the drama. More often, it went withou t criticism. This was largely because religious leaders were considered as holy and true representatives of right in the society. In his endeavor to address the situation, as it stood on the ground, Moliere employed the motif of social masking as a strategic style that brought out the concerns of religious hypocrisy before the eyes of the society. Motif of social mask in Tartuffe Religious hypocrisy, characterized by deception, is a principal theme that repeats itself throughout the drama Tartuffe. Tartuffe, despite being a religious leader comes out clearly as an architect of deceit whose practices are not consistent with what he professes or preaches. He accomplishes his intentions to deceive Orgon by feigning being a virtuous man. Consequently, Orgon, in addition to over trusting him, more than his wife or those other people who are close to him, goes to the level of keeping Tartuffe in his home as a moral guide.Advertising Looking for essay on literature languages? Let' s see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Tartuffe tells his servant to tell anyone who inquires of his whereabouts that he is busy offering charity work to the downtrodden and poor people. Rather than being involved in the activities that he claims, he attempts to seduce the wife of his friend Orgon (Moliere 1.5.21). In fact, the play also refers Tartuffe to as a Ã¢â¬Å"imposterÃ¢â¬ meaning one who fools others into thinking that he is someone other than his/her real self (Wightman Para.12). Later in the play, Tartuffe reveals himself as a real imposter who has committed a myriad of crimes under disguised identities. Most of his crimes heighten based on his greed for material gain and social status. For instance, by deploying the Ã¢â¬Ëmask of pietyÃ¢â¬â¢, Tartuffe makes Orgon adore him (Wightman Para 16). Social mask forms a central symbol in the play Tartuffe. The mask covers up true peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s appearances before the eyes of others. Through the motif of social mask, Moliere stands a chance to explore thoroughly the theme of deception. Numerous characters attribute the motif of social mask to Tartuffe. As a way of example, Dorine laments, Tartuffe Ã¢â¬Å"passes for a saitÃ¢â¬ ¦in fact, he is nothing but a hypocriteÃ¢â¬ (Moliere 1.1.33). On learning the deceptive nature of Tartuffe, Orgon complains about his mistakes prompting Cleante to inform him that he had made a terrible Ã¢â¬Å"mistake in taking of piety for the face of the true natureÃ¢â¬ (Moliere 2.4.23). He further adds that Orgon should make impeccable attempts in the future to equip himself well with mechanisms of Ã¢â¬Å"stripping off the mask, learning what true virtues meanÃ¢â¬ (Moliere 2.4 31). Put differently, he tells him to attempt to know how to differentiate between true and disguised appearance. The author, too, examines various dynamics of power within families with the help of the social masks coupled with the th eme of deception or hypocrisy. Despite applying of the motif of the social mask as a symbol to reveal the true nature of the main villain, Tartuffe, Moliere uses it to aid the virtuous characters in portraying the real nature of TartuffeÃ¢â¬â¢s characters. Other characters engage themselves in other forms of social masks.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Tartuffe Vs Candide specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They possess different magnitudes of deceits. As a way of example, in act II, Dorine hides in some place with the intention of listening to a conversation ensuing between two other characters in the play (Moliere 2.2.1-2). This way, the author presents deception as a menace widely evident in different members of the society: from religious leaders like Tartuffe to non-religious leaders such as Dorine. Within the hierarchies of the familial structures, the author employs social masks differently in Tartuffe . As a result, those individuals belonging to lower hierarchies in the family social structure tend to employ social masks as a means of acquiring more power. Dorine, a servant deploys social mask combined with deception in an attempt to curtail oppressive authority exercised against Mariane by her farther. Orgon reveals his intentions of wanting Mariane to marry Tartuffe to her and emphasizes that no for an answer was unacceptable. Even though such a prospect terrified her, her father had already made a decision for such a move and his decision was final. Mariane was thus reluctant to object her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s wishes. As the conversation continued between Orgon and Mariane, Dorine appears all of a sudden compelling Orgon to complain of DorineÃ¢â¬â¢s actions of Ã¢â¬Å"eavesdroppingÃ¢â¬ on their conversation (Moliere 2.2.18). Dorine ardently complains about OrgonÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to marry off Marianne to Tartuffe while disregarding MarianneÃ¢â¬â¢s opinions about the same. It is, thus, deducible that, for the purposes of protection of MarianeÃ¢â¬â¢s interests and rights, Dorine exemplifies some traits of deception and consequently possesses a motif of social mask: hiding in order to listen secretly to a conversation. Overview of Candide Authored by FranÃ §ois Moliere Aurouet De Voltaire, Candide carries hefty critical introspection of the social masks characterizing institutions of seventieth century France. The author was a distinguished philosopher of the time of the release of the novel. Perhaps Candide was a catalyst of change. Despite making several attacks on the church and the contemporary subscriptions to his philosophical construction, the author offers a provocative comedy, which provides a few solutions to social stalemates. However, some unenlightened ideas that are not subtle catalysts for an enlightened revolution against the regime are evident in the novel, as we may now know it today. For instance, many of the women characters are prostitutes while both Rousseau and Voltaire believe that it is unwise to educate the poor! (Shocke Para. 5).The concept of social masking, therefore, assumes a fair share of VoltaireÃ¢â¬â¢s masterwork Candide.Advertising Looking for essay on literature languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Motif of social mask in Candide Candide features as the main character of the play Candide. He is not an outright fool like Orgon. However, the reader feels much pity towards the character, which in one way or another, measures up to more than the pity he or she feels towards Orgon. The loss of his lover affects Candide to the level that he wanders around feeling utterly lost and helpless. As the author unfolds, he Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦wandered for a long time without knowing where he was going, weeping, raising his eyes to heavenÃ¢â¬ (Voltaire 312). Similar to Tartuffe, Voltaire challenges religious hypocrisy. He presents the clergy, identifiable as inquisitors, as inhumane. He involves himself in the act of execution of the fellow citizens: a move justified by the existence of philosophical differences, which were not acceptable. Such acts are merely presentations of falsified beliefs that the clergyÃ¢â¬â¢s roles entail correcting intolerable social actions by the citizens. This is perhaps correct since they are involved in a myriad of sins that they preach against and yet they do not punish themselves. They are the jewel thieves who keep and condone mistresses while preaching against homosexuality. They ingrain themselves deeply in homosexual acts. Perhaps the pope portrays one of the most ironical situations. Despite taking celibacy vows, he, in fact, has a daughter. Opposed to what religious officialÃ¢â¬â¢s outward appearance portrays them, their actual character and acts, enshrined within masks painted Ã¢â¬ËholyÃ¢â¬â¢ from outside, their inner profiles are full of darkness, otherwise referred to as Ã¢â¬ËungodlinessÃ¢â¬â¢. In unmasked state, the religious leaders advocate for water thereby drinking wine. The author portrays the officials of the church as the most sinful individuals in Candide. Desires to deceive for purposes of material gain drive other charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ acts. For instance, Cunegonde accepts Don Fernando marriage proposal, de spite his attachment with Candide. She accepts the proposal not simply because she loves Don Fernando but because of his Financial well-being. This way she deceives Don Fernando about her true intents of accepting to marry him. The greatest fool to Candide is perhaps himself just like Orgon. Wherever he goes, Candide cannot stay for long due to his determination to pursue his true love: Cunegonde. Cunegonde plays much similar role to Tartuffe: eroding other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s senses through deceit. On return from asylum, Candide encounters people who fool him again. They steal all his fortune away from him because CunegondeÃ¢â¬â¢s love has eroded his senses. Based on his loveÃ¢â¬â¢s constructed appearance, CandideÃ¢â¬â¢s life seems betrodden wherever he goes. No matter whether it entails overcoming cannibal sturdy lugs, going through situations involving shipwrecks, floggings, or even earthquakes; nothing turns out to work well for him. Somehow analogous to the OrgonÃ¢â¬â¢s sit uation: failing to listen to his family warning about the evil nature of his Ã¢â¬ËsaintÃ¢â¬â¢ friend, Candide is not ready and willing to embrace reason in an attempt to differentiate the true and falsified appearance of his love: Cunegonde . Disguised appearance presents itself for quite a limited time span. There comes a time when people strip off the social masks to expose the real nature. Despite the initial indications of flawlessness in TartuffeÃ¢â¬â¢s character, Orgon comes into acquaintance of his true nature ordering him to vacate his house. A similar scenario presented itself to Candide. The author says, Ã¢â¬Å"the tender lover Candide, seeing his lover Cunegonde with her skin weathered, her eyes bloodshot, breasts fallen, her cheeks seamed, her arms red and scaly, recoiled three steps in horror and then advanced only out of politenessÃ¢â¬ (Voltaire 399). Now, the author provides a turnaround point in which an originally deceived person comes into revelations of what has been ailing him or her all through his or her life. This is perhaps so since Candide comes to realize the true physique appearance of her love which had always been concealed by the love he had for her. Conclusion Based on the expositions made in the paper, it suffices to declare social masking a style that comes in handy in the two works, despite the evident difference of authorship. Both authors criticize the deceitful nature of human beings. By setting two evidently deceived men, with their fortunes taken away: by people who wear social masks to conceal their identities, the authors shed light on the fact that either man deceives others or others deceive him. Through humorous and ironical situations presented symbolically using social masks, the authors are able to strike their collective goal: correcting some of the social errors that people manifest day-by-day. Otherwise, as the adage goes, never judge a book by its cover: the cover could be a mask. Works Cited Moli ere, Jean-Baptiste. Tartuffe. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1989. Shocke, Locker. Candide: Literary Criticism, 2009. Web. https://litcrit.fandom.com/wiki/Candide. Voltaire, FranÃ §ois. Candide. Britain: Bloomington Publishers, 1961. Wightman, Madeleine. Moliere, 2010. Web. Footnotes (Moliere 1.1. 51) In fact, Madame Pernelle calls Tartuffe a holy man based on his appearance rather than reality. (Moliere 1.5.21) The author reveals one instance of the masking technique. Publicly, Tartuffe is man whose main agenda is to offer charity work. However, the reality is that behind him lies his true self: he is an adulterer. (Wightman Para.12) In this paragraph, Wightman confirms the central theme of Tartuffe as hypocrisy where TartuffeÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance as a devoted preacher significantly differs with his immoral actions. (Wightman Para 16) The paragraph presents the mistaken praises that hypocrites receive from people who do not know their true characters. Orgon is such an example following his re spect for Tartuffe (Moliere 1.1.33) Before the eyes of people, Tartuffe is a Ã¢â¬Ëwithout blemishÃ¢â¬â¢ person (Moliere 2.4.23) The author here shows how people can hide their true characters by publicizing actions that differ from their private ones (Moliere 2.4 31) The author presents this piece of advice to pretenders: they should consider emulating a virtuous life (Moliere 2.2.1-2) The hiding here is symbolic in that the two parties in the conversation view Dorine as absent while in the real sense, she is present in the place of the dialogue (Moliere 2.2.18) Refer to the comment above (Shocke Para. 5) The author here presents things as they are contrary to what or how they ought to be. While the view of the then society of not educating the poor was right according to it, it conceals the reality that all people need education regardless of his/her financial status (Voltaire 312) The fact that he does not know where he is heading is an implication of a misidentified direction . Where he heads is not where he ought to head: the real direction of life has been masked by the wrong one (Voltaire 399) The author takes the reader to the step of unmasking what has been masked. Therefore, as the adage goes, behind the beauty lie the true colors. In other words, there is always the true person behind what people see of any specific person This essay on Tartuffe Vs Candide was written and submitted by user Akira Richards to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.